Dizziness is a symptom, not a disease. It may be defined as a subjective sensation of unsteadiness or imbalance, or disorientation in relation to one's surroundings. Dizziness can be caused by many different diseases and varies from a mild unsteadiness to a severe spinning sensation known as vertigo. It may or may not be accompanied by hearing loss or tinnitus (head noise).
Dizziness may result from disturbances in the ear, the neck, the muscles and joints, the eyes, the nervous system connections of these structures or a combination of these.
Ear dizziness may appear as a vertigo, unsteadiness, or lightheadedness. It may be constant, but is more often intermittent, and is frequently aggravated by head motion or sudden position change. Nausea and vomiting may occur but one does not lose consciousness as a result of inner ear dizziness.
An extensive evaluation is required at times to determine the cause of dizziness. The tests necessary are determined at the time of examination, and may include detailed hearing and balance tests, x-rays, blood tests and metabolic and allergic evaluations. A general physical examination and neurological tests may be advised. The object of this evaluation is to be certain that there is no serious or life-threatening disease, and to pinpoint the exact site of the problem. This lays the groundwork for the effective medical or surgical treatment.
At House Clinic all treatment options are offered for dizziness, including medical treatment, vestibular exercises, and treatment of other conditions that may cause dizziness, such as ear infections, metabolic disturbances and allergies, autoimmune inner ear disease, acoustic tumors, and Meniere's disease.
Surgery is indicated when medical treatment fails to relieve the acute attacks of dizziness. The type of operation selected depends upon the degree of hearing impairment in the affected ear since every effort is made to preserve hearing.